Geography – teaching and learning


Key Documents

Curriculum Map – GEOGRAPHY 

Progression in Skills GEOGRAPHY

Geography Policy



Our Geography curriculum is designed to develop children’s curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Children investigate a range of places – both in Britain and abroad – to help develop their knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s physical and human processes. We are committed to providing children with opportunities to investigate and make enquiries about their local area of Norris Green  and Liverpool so that they can develop of real sense of who they are, their heritage and what makes our local area unique and special. We are also developing the children’s ability to apply geographical skills to enable to confidently communicate their findings and geographical understanding to a range of audiences. Through high quality teaching, we develop the following essential characteristics of geographers:

  • An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like, both in Britain and the wider world.
  • An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary.
  • Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills, as well as effective presentation techniques.
  • The ability to reach clear conclusions and explain their findings.
  • Excellent fieldwork skills.
  • The ability to express well-balanced opinions, with good knowledge and understanding about current issues in society and the environment.
  • A genuine interest in the subject and a real sense of curiosity about the world and the people who live here.


 Geography is a National Curriculum foundation subject.  The programme of study outlined in the long-term planning make up the content of the school’s geography curriculum.  All children are entitled access to the programmes of study at a level appropriate to the needs of the individual child. The knowledge, skills and understanding in the programmes of study identify the aspects of geography in which children make progress:

  • Geographical enquiry and skills.
  • Knowledge and understanding of places.
  • Knowledge and understanding of patterns and processes.
  • Knowledge and understanding of environmental change and sustainable development.


Geography is taught at Monksdown Primary using a topic-based approach supported by the Lancashire schemes of work. Skills and knowledge are taught and cross curricular opportunities are encouraged. We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in our geography lessons. We believe in whole-class teaching methods and we combine these with enquiry-based research activities. We encourage children to ask as well as answer geographical questions. We offer them the opportunity to use a variety of data, such as globes, maps, statistics, graphs, pictures, and aerial photographs. The pupils use ICT in geography lessons to access mapping software; interpret data in the form of graphs or tables and to research geographical environments.


Through the Geography curriculum delivered at Monksdown Primary School, we strive to create a supportive and collaborative ethos for learning by providing investigative and enquiry based learning opportunities. We aim for our children to develop a greater understanding of their immediate locality as well as an understanding that we live in one small part of the world we have been given, a world which is very diverse in terms of both people and places. Children will leave our school with an understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes and how this affects landscapes and environments. It is our aim that the geography curriculum taught at Monksdown primary equips children with key knowledge and skills, as set out

Through the year, ongoing assessments will take place by the class teacher identifying children who are working at, above and below the expected level for individual year groups. This will be passed onto the subject lead to inform future planning and assessment. Through assessment and planning teachers will ensure children are being challenged and supported with engaging lessons. Teachers will be aware of geographical skills children need to develop their understanding and skills to meet the requirements of the National Curriculum.


Geography Mapping Skills

Geography Mapping Skills